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What is Auditory Processing Disorder?

Students with Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) and Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) cannot process the information they hear the same as others because their brains and ears are not completely coordinating together.

These students do not always recognize the differences between sounds in words. The information going into the brain doesn’t always process an accurate outcome. Children with auditory processing difficulty have normal hearing and average to above average intelligence. This condition affects around 5% of school-aged children.

APD and CAPD are both a persistent learning difference that one does not outgrow. With early detection, proper intervention, and certain accommodations, these students can improve their reading and spelling skills significantly and succeed academically.

Symptoms of Auditory Processing Disorder

  • Difficulties paying attention
  • Problems remembering information presented orally
  • Poor listening skills
  • Need extra time to process information received
  • Unable to follow multistep directions
  • Difficulties with reading, spelling, vocabulary and comprehension
  • Often have language difficulties
  • Easily distracted by outside noises

Treatment of Auditory Processing Disorder

The sooner a child with auditory processing disorder (APD) and central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is given proper instruction, particularly in the very early grades, the more likely it is that they will have fewer or milder difficulties later in life.

These students will need intensive training in reading, writing and spelling using an Orton-Gillingham program. During this training, students will overcome many reading difficulties and learn strategies that will last a lifetime. Treatment will only “stick” if it is incorporated slowly and consistently over time. There is no such thing as a “quick fix.”

The best learning environment for a student with APD and CAPD is always one-to-one with very minimal distractions and outside noises. Students who have severe CAPD may need an intensive training program to catch up and stay up with the rest of their class.

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